Cutting off the intake of red meat colorectal cancer and that adopting a plant-based diet that incorporates fish reduces the chances of contracting the disease, a new study shows. Vegetarians therefore are less likely to contract colorectal cancer as compared to non-vegetarians. The study also reveals that switching from a fully vegetarian diet to eating fish(pesceterian diet) drops further the risk of contracting the disease by 27%.
The study, which was conducted on around 78,000 Seventh Day Adventists for a period of seven years, was published on Monday. It was conducted by researchers from Loma Linda University. The reason as to why this study focused on the Seventh Day Adventists is because the church encourages its congregation to adopt a vegetarian diet.This study adds to the increasing body of evidence on the health benefits of a plant-based diet.
The authors of the study propose that the reason for such low risks of contracting the cancer may be due to omega-3 fatty acids that are contained in fish. It is however difficult to establish a direct link between fish or pesceterian diet and the reduced chances of contracting the cancer as it is difficult to eliminate the impacts due to all other health and lifestyle factors.
Colorectal cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer according to American Cancer Society statistics. It also falls third as a cause of cancer-relateddeaths. The results of this study are therefore a great resource.