According to the latest study, 2/3 of the world’s population have no access to affordable and safe surgery! This means that every year, millions of people die from certain conditions that can be treated. Some of them are: obstructed labor and appendicitis. The biggest part of those people live in countries that have low or middle income. One of the worst places is sub-Saharan Africa. There, 93% of the population cannot have a basic surgery! This research also considered the procedure safety, can patients afford a surgery and can they travel to the hospital within 2 hours.
The results are very ’’bad’’. According to a director of the King's Centre for Global Health, Andy Leather, he was one of the authors of this study, many people live with conditions and disabilities that could be treated. In fact, ¼ of people who had an operation cannot actually afford it. Study authors spend a year and a half collecting testimonies and results from patients and health workers. 1/3 of all deaths in 2010, (almost 17 million) were from diseases or conditions that were treatable. This means, that more people died from conditions who could be cured than from tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/AIDS combined!
The greatest need is in poor countries. In order to solve this problem, the authors of this study suggest that a global investment of $420 billion is needed. The number of trained surgical specialists per 100.000 people in the UK is 35, in US 36, in Brazil 35, in Japan 17, but in Bangladesh is only 1.7. The situation is even worse in Sierra Leone, where the number of surgical specialists per 100.000 people is only 0.1!